It is my pleasure to introduce the latest issue of the Rwanda Public Health Bulletin (RPHB), highlighting
the trauma and crises experienced during the commemoration period of the 1994 genocide against Tutsi.
The 1994 genocide against Tutsi is a stark reminder of the depths of human suffering. Twenty-nine years
have passed since those harrowing 100 dark days that forever impacted Rwandans, and the scars are still
visible, both physically and psychologically, as survivors grapple with the aftermath of unimaginable
violence, loss, and horrors.
In this publication, the RPHB reflects the multidimensional nature of the complex dynamics of trauma and
crises that continue to affect individuals, families, and communities during the commemoration period. The
articles within this issue offer insights into the emotional crisis and trauma cases in the commemoration
period, contributing factors, coping strategies, and interventions for mitigation. They also highlight
perceptions toward trauma problems and crises among victims, health service professionals, family, and
friends. These articles provide valuable perspectives on the psychological impact of the genocide, the longterm
effects on mental health, and the challenges survivors face in rebuilding their lives. The survivors
exhibited remarkable resilience and strength through their collective healing journeys and have emerged as
beacons of hope, guiding us toward a peaceful future and reconciliation.
Through this issue, you will also learn about the kidney transplant program in Rwanda, greatly changing care
services for renal disease patients in Rwanda and saving a lot of resources spent as patients were previously
transferred abroad for the transplant. This new program will make care cost-effective and accessible to
Rwandans with limited resources. This marks a key milestone and significant progress towards improved
access to health services, universal health coverage, and becoming a medical tourism destination.
Other topics published in this issue also focus on the survival of preterm newborns, antimicrobial resistance,
and knowledge and practice toward COVID-19 prevention. This publication serves as a testament to the
importance of acknowledging and understanding the long-lasting effects of the 1994 genocide against Tutsi
and calls for action to provide the necessary support, resources, and interventions to address the ongoing
psychological needs of survivors and their communities. This issue is also a valuable resource for all those
working to improve healthcare in Rwanda and inspire new strategies and initiatives to address the public
health problems presented in the articles.
I would like to thank all authors for considering the RPHB and our readers for their continued interest in
the RPHB. I am confident that the insights and recommendations presented in this issue will significantly
impact efforts to promote Rwandans' health now and in the future.